What you should know before purchasing a cavalier:
1 ) Do you have enough time and desire to take care of a puppy for the next 10 to 14 years ?
2 ) How much exercise and space needs a cavalier ?
3 ) What is the nature of a cavalier king charles spaniel ?
4 ) What are the features and how to care for a cavalier ?
5 ) What colour options are there?
6 ) Do I choose a dog or a bitch ?
7 ) Do I choose a puppy or an adult cavalier ?
8 ) How do I choose a puppy from a litter ?
1 ) Once you have a puppy at home , you should start with the potty training and socialization . The more time and energy you put into at the start, the more advantage you have later .
2 ) Is the puppy in a familyhome , then you should realize that when the novelty is gone, you
are the one who is going to let the dog out in case of bad weather and most likely not your
3 ) A cavalier is a true companion dog and does not like to be left alone for a long time during
the day. A few hours a day is no problem.
A cavalier does not need much space. It does not matter to him whether he lives on a farm
or in a small apartment, as long as he gets enough attention, then the cavalier satisfied.
A cavalier loves to walk . The cavalier can walk long distances without any problem.
This is not a requirement, as a cavalier is also satisfied with a few short visits to a park.
The cavalier is a true companion dog and loves to get attention from everybody.
A cavalier is ideal as a family dog, because from nature it’s a kind and gentle dog, without
any form of aggression.
A cavalier is outgoing and absolutely not nervous from nature. In most cases, a cavalier
will listen and like to follow commands, but he is easily distracted.
When a cavaliers is distracted by a rabbit, butterfly, children playing, birds etc., than most
cavaliers have no attention for the owner at that time, so be carefull when walking with a
cavalier without a leash on.
4 ) A cavalier is a compact dog with an adult weight between 5.4 and 8 kg. Most females are
between 6 ½ and 7 ½ kg and the adult weight of a male is mostly between 8 and 9 kg.
The coat of a cavalier can be very long and therefore regularly combing and brushing is
required. A visit to the groomer is not necessary, but if you sterilize the dog or spay, then
a cavalier get’s a thick undercoat and longer hair and than it will be necessary to visit the
groomer. Although a cavalier has long ears, ear infections are rare. A cavalier may have
a regular bath, as long as you use a suitable dog shampoo and conditioner.
5 ) There are cavaliers in four colours: tricolour , blenheim , black & tan and ruby .
Tricolour: black and white, well spaced, broken up with “tan ” markings above the eyes,
on cheeks, inside ears, inside legs and under the tail. Some tricolour cavaliers have almost
uniformly black bodies with just a little white on the face, neck and legs. In the exhibition
ring with some judges, this can be a disadvantage, but for a house dog it’s makes no difference .
Blenheim: deep chestnut markings, well broken up on a pearly white background.
Markings evenly divided on head and leave space between the ears for a diamond stain or ” spot” .
Black & Tan: raven black with “tan ” markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and under the tail. The “tan ” should be clear. White markings are undesirable.
Ruby: whole deep reddish-brown colour. White markings are undesirable.
Since most breeders own and breed from the party colours (Blenheim or Tricolour) it’s not always easy to find a nice whole colour (ruby or black&tan) puppy.
6 ) The first important question you should ask your self, is whether having a bitch in heat will causes problems. A bitch is in heat usually twice a year and you should consider whether there are any possible males in the area that could give a problem in the future, when your bitch is in heat.
Another important question you must ask your self, is whether you ever want to breed in the future.
Be aware that breeding a litter is a lot of work. It’s not as easy as it sometimes looks. There is a lot involved. So be well prepared and informed before considering breeding a litter. A major advantage of a male is that he always has a better coat condition, because he will lose less hair than a female.
A male is equally affectionate, will not get into heat and are rarely aggressive and therefore equally suitable as pets than females.
7 ) You can raise a puppy to your own needs and it’s also a lot of fun to see a puppy grow up.
However, many people have good experiences with adult cavaliers too, because adult cavaliers have already had the education and training. For some people that’s precisely a reason to search for an adult dog. In almost all cases, an adult cavalier can be re-homed without any problems, because he is very quickly attached to the new owner. You can also check with breeders if they have an adult dog available in the near future.
8 ) If you have a choice between several puppies, then you should choose the puppy that you like the most. The breeder can tell you about the character of a particular puppy. Keep in mind that if a puppy at this age is very active, he probably will stay like this the rest of his life. This is also true for the more quiet or shy puppy. Are you interested to go to an exhibition in the future with your cavalier puppy, than you must mention this to the breeder, so he/she can take this it into account when choosing a puppy.